Cause and Management of Infertility
One major problem that affects the relationship between couples id infertility where a female is unable to get pregnant or even carry a pregnancy to full term or a male being unable to make a fertile female pregnant. The intensity of infertility usually varies between men and women although the causes are different too. In men, infertility has various causes such as immune infertility which interferes with sperm motility and transportation after ejaculation and may be caused by surgery, trauma, breakdown of a man’s blood-testis barrier, prostatitis, infections, and cancer. Conditions such as varicocele among others may make the testes to produce low or poor quality sperms which is also a cause of infertility in men. There are also conditions that prevent testes support such as hormonal problems and general health due to conditions such as obesity, coeliac disease, drug and substance abuse, DNA damage and epigenetic conditions.
In female, infertility leads to a lot of stigma on women and can occur due to various conditions such as diseases, poor nutrition as well as uterus malformations. The causes of infertility in women can either be genetic, acquired or can also be due to the location of the infertility problem in the female reproductive systems. Genetic causes of infertility in women includes chromosomal abnormalities which may be as a result of various mutations of the sex chromosomes. Infertility as a result of acquired factors maybe as a result of advancement in age, smoking tobacco, sexually transmitted infections, obesity and eating disorders, chemotherapy diabetes, coeliac disease, kidney and liver diseases among other. On the location in the reproductive organs in female, infertility may occur as a result of genetic defects on the ovaries, endometriosis and tubal occlusion in the fallopian tube, fibroids and malformation in the uterus, antisperm antibodies in the cervix, as well as vaginal obstruction.
When a person is doing diagnosis for infertility, it is important to visit certified health clinics that have professionals in reproductive health who are likely to identify the cause of infertility and recommend the most suitable treatment. In men, infertility can be treated used various techniques depending on the underlying cause of the infertility such as surgery, taking of vitamin E medication as well as hormonal therapy. In female, treatment of infertility can be done mostly through prevention but depend on what has caused the infertility. Some of the ways that one can use to prevent occurrence of infertility in women include leading a lifestyle that is healthy with abundant exercises and reduced uptake of caffeine, alcohol and smoking. One can also prevent or treat existing diseases, avoid delaying parenthood as well as freezing the eggs to preserve one’s fertility.